Twa children at the new schoolhouse in Buhoma sneak a break in to have a look at the stranger with the camera. According to a 2004 survey, only 37.37 percent of the Batwa living near Bwindi had a primary education. At the secondary school level, it drops to zero percent for the Batwa. Education is a critical challenge for people living near the parks in Uganda, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The governments of Uganda and Rwanda are pursuing universal primary education programs. Even if school is free, many parents cannot afford books and uniforms for all of their children. In some circumstances children are simply not able to attend school; often parents must choose which of their children will be educated because they cannot afford to educate them all.